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Ancient Life on the Texas Prehistoric Trail

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Ancient Life on the Texas Prehistoric Trail

Many people are surprised to learn that in various prehistoric eras much of Texas was underwater or that Central Texas is full of prehistoric sites. In February 2010, thirteen individuals representing six locations from Glen Rose to Florence gathered to organize and establish the “Prehistoric Texas Trail.”  

In the beginning, the trail was made up of six sites that featured a variety of prehistoric materials, artifacts, archeological digs, and exhibits dedicated to prehistory in Texas. The purpose of the Trail was to contribute to the Central Texas economy through heritage tourism and to provide a rewarding and educational learning experience for families traveling in Texas.

Today the mission of the Prehistoric Texas Trail (officially known as the Prehistoric Texas Education Initiative)  is “to promote knowledge, appreciation, and tourism surrounding the rich prehistoric heritage in the Central Texas region.” Although the organization has seen some changes in the past twelve years, the mission and purpose remain the same.

The trail continues to feature sites from Glen Rose to Florence: Dinosaur Valley State Park, Dinosaur World, the Bosque Museum, the Mayborn Museum Complex, the Waco Mammoth National Monument, the Bell County Museum, the Williamson Museum and the Gault Archaeological Site. The Texas Brazos Trail Region and the Texas Lakes Trail Region are partners. The organization, a registered non-profit, produces brochures and banners, maintains a website and keeps the public informed through social media. These efforts continue the original focus on heritage tourism, education, and a positive visitor experience.

Make your plans to travel back in time – way back – along the Prehistoric Texas Trail!


Glen Rose is known as the “Dinosaur Capital of Texas.” One step into the 113-million-year-old dinosaur footprints at the Dinosaur Valley State Park and you’ll see why. With some of the best-preserved dinosaur tracks in North America, this paleontological find provides important clues as to how and where dinosaurs walked. Located just outside Dinosaur Valley State Park, Dinosaur World features over 100 life-size dinosaur models nestled among a lush assortment of native vegetation (as seen above).

Children considering the size of a dinosaur’s footprint at Dinosaur Valley State Park in Glen Rose.

The Bosque Museum in Clifton, Texas features a recently updated Horn Shelter exhibit. The Horn Shelter, discovered in Bosque County, is a rare 11,200-year-old Paleo-American archeological site where two skeletons and an array of burial goods were found.


The Waco Mammoth National Monument on the outskirts of Waco contains fossil specimens of the nation’s first and only recorded evidence of a nursery herd of ice age Columbian mammoths. The site features a climate-controlled dig shelter and a suspended walkway that provides an overhead view of several specimens, including a bull mammoth and a camel that lived approximately 68,000 years ago.

At the Waco Mammoth site, tour guides lead visitors from the Welcome Center to the Dig Shelter where mammoth fossils are still in their original position within the bone bed.

Also in Waco, visitors can travel through millions of years by exploring ancient fossils of Central Texas at Baylor University’s Mayborn Museum Complex. Exciting and interactive exhibits invite visitors to touch a palm tree stump from the Tertiary Period and see one of the largest fossil marine turtles found in the United States.


The award-winning Bell County Museum, located in Belton, features a permanent interactive exhibit on the Gault Site that offers an in-depth look at this important archaeological excavation. The museum also offers bi-monthly tours of the Gault Site and outdoor dig pits for visitors.


The Gault Archaeological Site near Florence is one of the largest excavated sites of the Clovis culture (13,500 years ago) and a Texas State Archeological Landmark. Gault has more than 2 million artifacts, some of the earliest art and the oldest architecture in North America. 

Visitors to the Gault Site view and learn about the archeological work being done.

At the Williamson Museum in Georgetown, “The Tech in Ancient Texas” exhibit about the Gault site is open through January 2024. The Williamson Museum also offers bimonthly tours of the Gault Site. And, check out a Leander Dinosaur Tracks hike on the South San Gabriel riverbed – no reservations required!

Whether you’re visiting Glen Rose, Belton, Clifton, Waco or Florence, we look forward to seeing you on the Prehistoric Texas Trail!


Visit Prehistoric Texas
prehistorictexas.org

Dinosaur Valley State Park
1629 Park Road 59
Glen Rose, TX 76043
(254) 897-4588
tpwd.texas.gov/state-parks/dinosaur-valley

Dinosaur World
1058 Park Road 59
Glen Rose, TX 76043
(254) 898-1526
dinosaurworld.com/texas

Bosque Museum
301 South Avenue Q
Clifton, TX 76634
(254)675-3845
bosquemuseum.org

Waco Mammoth National Monument
6220 Steinbeck Bend Road
Waco, TX 76708
(254) 750-7946
wacomammoth.com

Mayborn Museum Complex
1300 S. University Drive
Waco, TX 76706
(254) 710-1110
baylor.edu/mayborn

Belton County Museum
201 North Main
Belton, TX 76513
(254) 933-5243
bellcountymuseum.org

The Williamson Museum
716 South Austin Avenue
Georgetown, TX 78626
(512) 943-1670
williamsonmuseum.org

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Published by Texas Heritage Trails LLC