For thousands of years, man has been compacting dirt, water and other materials into shapes used to construct shelters and buildings.Typical of arid regions where timber and stone are scarce, Native Americans used the mud composite for construction in desert southwest regions of the state long before the word adobe, Spanish for mud brick, became part of the vernacular.
Popular in the construction of missions, fortresses, commercial buildings and dwellings, properly maintained adobe brick can survive centuries. Take the West Texas town of Marfa as an example. This artists’ community is an attractive destination for vacationers and retirees seeking the allure of the desert with a laid-back atmosphere.
The city is also home to one of the largest inventories of early adobe homes in the
state. In fact, adobe structures have become so trendy and in demand that city officials have established an appraisal category specifically for adobe.
Although more prevalent in the western parts of the state, adobe construction can be found all across Texas.
The following list recognizes some of these enduring structures.
Spanish Governor’s Palace
Landmark remnants of the original Presidio San Antonio de Bejar, known as the Spanish Governor’s Palace, showcase Texas’ earliest history under Spanish rule.
105 Plaza de Armas
San Antonio, TX 78720
Quinta Mazatlan is a historical adobe mansion serving as visitor enter and a bird, wildlife and butterfly refuge.
600 Sunset Dr.
McAllen, TX 78503
Fort Leaton State Historic Site
The western visitor center for Big Bend Ranch State Park offers docent-led and self-guided tours of the fort and its historic exhibits.
FM 170 East
Presidio, TX 79845
Goliad State Park and Historic Site
One of several Goliad area historic sites, the reconstructed Zaragoza State Birthplace Historic Site honors General Ignacio Zaragoza, the hero of the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.
Hwy 183 South
Goliad, TX 77963
San Elizario Historic District
The restored Los Portales Museum and Information Center is the first stop on the San Elizario Walking Tour.
1521 San Elizario Rd.
San Elizario, TX 79849
Fort Stockton Historic Site
Four original buildings are featured in the 75-acre historic Fort Stockton site, where historic re-enactments highlight Living History Days.
301 E. 3rd St.
Fort Stockton, TX 79735